Parental Communication, Peer Role, and the Contextual Effect of School on Safe Sex Behavior among Adolescents in Mojokerto, East Java

Feny Lianawati, Argyo Demartoto, Rita Benya Adriani

Abstract

Background: Globally, youth are particularly vulnerable to the negativeconsequences of sexual behavior, such as unwanted pregnancies, AIDS and other STDs. The importance of school contextual effects on health and well‐being among young people is increasingly recognized. This study aimed to examine the effects of parental communication and peer role on safe sex behavior among adolescents in Mojokerto, East Java, with special consideration of the contextualeffect of school.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at 15 senior high schools in Mojokerto, East Java, from April to May 2018.A sample of 200 students was selected by stratified random sampling.The dependent variable was safe sex behavior. The independent variables were parental communication and peer role. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multilevel analysis.

Results: Parental communication role (b= 1.00; 95% CI= -0.56 to 1.44; p<0.001) and peer role (b=0.84; 95% CI=0.41 to 1.27; p<0.001) positively affected safe sex behavior among adolescents. School had a contextual effect on safe sex behavior with ICC= 9.6%.

Conclusion: Parental role and peer role positively affect safe sex behavior among adolescents. School has a considerable contextual effect on safe sex behavior.

Keywords: safe sex behavior, parental communication, peer role,multilevel analysis

Correspondence: Feny Lianawati. Masters Program on Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: fenyliana188@gmail.com. Mobile:+6282143157071.

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2018), 3(2): 94-99
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2018.03.02.02

Full Text:

PDF

References

Astirin OP, Dharmawan R (2016). Association between Self Esteem, Self Efficacy, Peers, Parental Controls and Sexual Behavior in Adolescents at High School, Surakarta. 1: 46–53.

Hentges RF, Shaw DS, Wang M (2017). Early childhood parenting and child impulsivity as precursors to aggression, substance use, and risky sexual behaviour in adolescence and early adulthood. 1–15.doi: 10.1017/S0954579417001596.

Lestary H (2007). Perilaku Berisiko Remaja Di Indonesia Menurut Survey Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja Indonesia (SKRRI) Tahun 2007 Young Adults Risk Behavior by Indonesia Young Adult Reproductive Health Survey. pp. 136–144.

Mahmudah U, Cahyati WH, Wahyuningsih AS (2013). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 8(2): 113–120. doi: ISSN 1858-1196.

Manlove BJ, Terry humen E (2008). Sexual And Reproductive Health Behaviors Among Teen And Young Adult Men: A Descriptive Portrait.

Montazeri S, et al. (2016). Determinants of Early Marriage from Married Girls’ Perspectives in Iranian Setting: A Qualitative Study. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. doi: 10.1155/2016/8615929.

Pokhrel P, et al. (2017). Individualism Collectivism, Social Self Control and Adolescent Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior, Substance Use & Misuse. Taylor & Francis, 1–11. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1392983.

Pratiwi NL (2011). Hiv-Aids Dan Perilaku Seks Tidak Aman Di Indonesia.

Robi A, Rahmaniati M (2012). Determinan Perilaku Seksual Berisiko Pada Remaja di Indonesia Tahun 2010 – 2012. Analisis Data Survey Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional Remaja BKKBN 2012(2011).

Schelar E, Nicole R, Scott ME. Risky Adolescent Sexual Behaviors and Reproductive Health in Young Adulthood. doi: 10.1363/4311011.

Sohrabivafa M, et al. (2017). Prevalence of Risky Behaviors and Related Factors among Students of Dezful. 188–193.

Wardhani Y, Tamtomo D, Demartoto A (2017). Effect of Sexual Knowledge and Attitude, Exposure to Electronic Media Pornography, Peer Group, and Family Intimacy, on Sexual Behaviors among Adolescents in Surakarta, 2: 138–147.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.