Parenting Styles and Resilience towards Reproductive Health in Married Female Adolescents in Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Beby Yohana, Tri Sunarsih, Dewi Rokhanawati


Background: More than 700 million women were married before turning 18 in all over the world. In 2016, Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogya­karta, Indonesia, had the highest number of child marriages which accounted for 1.395 cases. Con­sider­ing the many negative factors of early preg­nan­cy, possessing the ability to survive and over­come hardship is imperative for married female adolescents. This study aimed to examine the effects of parenting style on resilience toward health repro­ductive.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sec­tion­al study conducted in Gunung Kidul, Yogya­karta, Indonesia. A total of 79 married female adoles­cents were selected for this study. The depen­dent variable was resilience toward repro­ductive health. The indepen­dent variables were age, education, employment, information source, economic status, know­ledge, paternal parenting style, and maternal parent­ing style. The data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: High knowledge (OR= 3.48; 95% CI= 0.11 to 10.55; p= 0.028) and democratic parent­ing style (OR= 5.11; 95% CI= 1.62 to 16.05; p= 0.005) increased the resilience toward repro­ductive health in married female adolescents, and they were statistically significant.

Conclusion: High knowledge and democratic parent­ing style increases the resilience toward repro­ductive health in married female adolescents.

Keywords: resilience, reproductive health parenting style

Correspondence: Beby Yohana. Masters Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta. Jl. Ringroad Barat No.63, Mlangi Nogotirto, Gamping, Gam­ping, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Email: yo­ha­ Mobile: 0811291­0055

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2020): 96-103


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