Effectiveness of Chronic Disease Management Program in Improving “CERDIK” Healthy Behavior in Patients with Hypertension in Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta

Tri Puji Pangesti, Didik Gunawan Tamtomo, Bhisma Murti

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is the single largest con­tributor to the global burden of disease (GBD). The Chronic Disease Management Prog­ram (Prolanis) is a health service system and a pro­active approach implemented in an integrated manner. This study aimed to determine the ef­fec­tive­ness of Prolanis on the "CERDIK" healthy be­ha­vior for hypertensive patients.

Subjects and Method: This cross-sectional stu­dy was conducted in hypertensive patients in 25 working areas of health centers in Gunung­ki­dul, Special Region of Yogyakarta, from January to February 2020. A sample of 200 hypertensive pa­tients was selected by simple random sampl­ing. The dependent variable was the "CERDIK" healt­hy behavior for hypertensive patients. The in­dependent variables were chronic disease ma­na­gement program (Prolanis), education level, peer support, family support, and sex. Other data we­re collected by using a questionnaire. Data we­re analyzed by path analysis using the Stata 13 application.

Results: “CERDIK" healthy behavior for hyper­ten­­sive patients increased with active prolanis acti­vity (b= 5.00; 95% CI= 2.80 to 7.20; p <0.001), higher education (b= 1.52; 95% CI= 0.48 to 2.54; p= 0.004), strong family support (b= 1.­38; 95% CI= 0.20 to 2.57; p= 0.023), strong pe­er support (b= 0.61; 95% CI= -0.67 to 2.51; p= 0.­352), and female (b= 2.8; 95% CI= -5.01 to -0.64; p= 0.011). Education, family support, and peer sup­port were associated with “CERDIK” healthy behavior through Prolanis.

Conclusion: “CERDIK" healthy behavior for hyper­ten­­sive patients increases with active pro­lanis acti­vity, higher education, strong family support, strong pe­er support, and female. Edu­cation, family support, and peer sup­port were associated with “CERDIK” healthy behavior through Prolanis.

Keywords: Prolanis, “CERDIK” healthy beha­vi­our, hypertension, path analysis

Correspondence: Tri Puji Pangesti. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: tri­pu­ji­pangesti8@gmail.com. Mobile: 0823­126­57­­779.

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2020), 05(03): 187-196
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2020.05.03.05.

 

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