The Effectivity of Peer Education Module on Knowledge, Attitude, and Fast Food Consumption in Adolescents

Saskiyanto Manggabarani, Irfan Said, Anto J. Hadi, Rapida Saragih, Muhammad Cristandy, Neni Ekowati Januariana

Abstract

Background: Increasing obesity sufferers every year, in a few decades becomes an impor­tant problem. Increased obesity can lead to an increa­s­­ed risk of degenerative diseases which can cause death. Several attempts have been made to prevent and treat obesity. The pur­­­pose of this study is to determine the effective­­ness of peer edu­­ca­tion on knowledge, attitudes, and con­sump­­tion of fast food in adolescents.

Subjects and Method: This study is a ran­do­m­ized controlled trial conducted at a Junior High School (SMP Ne­geri 6 Medan), North Su­matera. Samples taken were 60 stu­dents chosen random­ly. The sample was divided into 2 groups: a peer game edu­cation leaf­let group and a peer edu­cation modu­le group. The depen­dent va­r­i­­­able is know­ledge, attitudes, and habits of fast fo­od con­sumption. The indepen­dent vari­able is the pro­vision of leaflets and peer edu­ca­tion mo­du­­les. The data were obtained through in­­­ter­­­­­view, Food Frequency Question­naire (FFQ), and Food Re­call 24 hours. Data were analy­z­ed using t-test.

Results: The results showed that the value of nut­ritional knowledge and obesity in the control group (Mean= 12.07; SD= 1.44) was lower com­pared to the intervention group (Mean= 13.50; SD= 1.99), but not statistically significant (p= 0.523). Attitudes toward nutrition and obesity in the control group (Mean= 11.50; SD= 1.22) were low­er than those in the intervention group (Mean = 13.00; SD= 1.78) and were statistically proven sig­nifi­cant (p= 0.008). The score of fast food con­­sumption habits in the control group (Mean= 8.17; SD= 1.23) is lower than that of the inter­vention group (Mean= 9.50; SD= 1.17) and is statis­tically proven significant (p <0.001).

Conclusion: The nutrition peer education mo­dule has been shown to be effective in increas­­ing attitudes about nutrition and obesity and redu­cing fast food consumption habits and this has been statistically significant. The nutri­tion peer education module increases know­ledge scores, but is not statistically significant.

Keywords: obesity, consumption of fast food, peer education

Correspondence: Saskiyanto Manggabarani, Helvetia Health Ins­ti­tute, Jl. Kapten Sumarsono No. 107 Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia. Email: zhakymang­gabarani@gmail.com.

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2020), 5(1): 35-42
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2020.05.01.05

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