Effect of Knowledge, Peer Group, Family, Cigarette Price, Stipend, Access to Cigarette, and Attitude, on Smoking Behavior

R. Asto Soesyasmoro, Argyo Demartoto, Rita Benya Adriani

Abstract

Background: Passive smokers inhale 75% of ambient smoke and 50% of exhaled smoke. A cigarette contains 4.000 poisonous chemical agents, at least 69 of which are carcinogenic. Therefore ambient tobacco smoke is detrimental to health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of knowledge, peer group, family, cigarette price, stipend, access to cigarette, and attitude, on smoking behavior.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic and observational study with cross sectional design. This study was conducted at School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta, Central Java. A total of 105 male students was selected for this study. The dependent variable smoking status. The independent variables knowledge, peer group, family, cigarette price, stipend, access to cigarette, and attitude. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire, and were analyze by logistic regression model.

Results: High smoking peer group (OR= 3.21; 95% CI=1.18- 8.72; p= 0.022), high stipend (OR= 3.66; 95% CI= 1.28-10.49; p= 0.016), convenient access to cigarette (OR= 3.02; 95% CI= 1.04 to 8.73; p= 0.042) increased the likelihood of smoking.  High knowledge about tobacco smoking (OR= 0.35; 95% CI=0.13-0.95; p = 0.039) and non-smoking family (OR= 0.16; 95% CI=0.03 to 0.70; p= 0.015) decreased the likelihood of smoking. High price of cigarette (OR= 0.86; 95% CI= 0.23 to 3.19; p= 0.819) and possitive attitude (OR= 0.88; 95% CI= 0.33 to 2.36; p= 0.795) did not show statistically significant effect on smoking.

Conclusion: Smoking peer group, stipend, access to cigarette  increase the probability of smoking.  Knowledge about tobacco smoking and non-smoking family decrease the probability of smoking.

Keywords:  knowledge, peer group, family, cigarette price, stipend, access to cigarette, attitude, smoking behavior

Correspondence: R. Asto Soesyasmoro.School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta. Email: asto_monti@yahoo.co.id.

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2016), 1(3): 201-210
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2016.01.03.07

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aditama TY (2006). Rokok dan Kesehatan. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia Press.

Ali M, Asrori M (2010). Psikologi Remaja Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara

Ariani RD (2011). Hubungan Antara Iklan Rokok Dengan Sikap Dan Perilaku Merokok Pada Remaja (Studi Kasus di SMA Negeri 4 Semarang). Artikel Ilmiah. Semarang: Program Pendidikan Sarjana Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro.

Azizah N, Amiruddin R, Ansariadi (2013). Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Perilaku Merokok Anak Jalanan di Kota Makassar Tahun 2013. Makasar: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar

Depkes RI (2010). Masalah Merokok di Indonesia. Jakarta : Depkes RI.

Geckova AM, Stewart R, Dijk JPV, Orosova O, Groothoff JW, Post D (2005). Influence of Socio-Economic Status, Parents and Peers on Smoking Behaviour of Adolescents. European Addictid Research. 1 (1): 204-209.

Green LW, Marchel WK (1980). Health Promoting Planning An Educational And Environmental Aproach. Second Edition. Mountain View: Mayfield Publishing Company

Hasanah AU, Sulastri (2011). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Orang Tua, Teman Sebaya Dan Iklan Rokok Dengan Perilaku Merokok Pada Siswa Laki-Laki Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Boyolali. Gaster. 8 (1): 695-705.

Hidayangsih PS, Tjandrarini DH, Mubasyiroh R, Supanni (2011). Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan. 39 (2) 88-98.

Komasari D, Helmi AF (2000). Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Perilaku Merokok Pada Remaja. Jurnal Psikologi, 1 (1): 37-47.

Lindawati, Miradwiyana B, Sumiati (2012). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Merokok Siswa-Siswi SMP di Daerah Jakarta Selatan Tahun 2011. Jurnal Health Quality, 2 (4) 189-200

Maseda DR, Suba B, Wongkar D (2013). Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Tentang Bahaya Merokok Dengan Perilaku Merokok Pada Remaja Putra di SMA Negeri I Tompasobaru. Ejournal Keperawatan (e-Kp). 1 (1): 1-8.

Mc Donald P (2004). Understanding Smoking Behavuir in Children and adollescent. Paediatric Nursing. 16 (3): 26-27.

Mubarak WI (2009). Sosiologi Untuk Keperawatan: Pengantar dan Teori. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Mulyana A (2014). Kerangka HAM Bagi Ke-bijakan Pengendalian Tembakau. Jurnal Wacana Kinerja. 17 (2): 1-23.

Naing NN, Ahmad Z, Musa R, Hamid FRA, Ghazali H, Bakar MHA (2004). Factors Related to Smoking Habits of Male Adolescents. Tobacco Induced Di¬seases. 2 (3): 133-140.

Oktavia D (2011). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Tindakan Merokok Siswa Laki-Laki Di Sma Negeri Kota Padang Tahun 2011. Skripsi. Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Peminatan Epidemiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas.

Permatasari I, Wahyuni (2011). Hubungan Pola Asuh Keluarga dan Lingkungan Teman Sebaya dengan Perilaku Merokok Pada Remaja Usia 11-20 Tahun di Desa Nambuhan Kecamatan Purwodadi Kota Purwodadi Kabupaten Grobogan. Gaster. 8 (1): 706-721.

Theodorus (1994). Ciri Perokok di Kalangan Mahasiswa Universitas Sriwijaya. Jurnal JEN. 1 (3): 19-24.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.