Application of Health Belief Model on Breast Self-Examination: A Meta-Analysis


  • Maranata Maranata Masters Program of Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari Masters Program of Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Rita Benya Adriani Department of Nursing Polytechnic Health Surakarta Institution, Surakarta


Background: Breast cancer is a type of cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in wo­men. BSE is an early detection method for breast can­cer. Health Belief Model is a model of health behavior that can predict women's interest in prac­ticing BSE. This study aims to estimate the Health Belief Model's effect in the practice of BSE by meta-analysis.

Subjects and Method: Meta-analysis was performed by searching for articles from the Pub­Med database, Springer Link, Elsevier, and Google Scholar. The keywords used were "health belief model," OR "health belief" OR "belief" AND "breast self-examination," OR "breast cancer screening." This study's inclu­sion criteria were full-text articles published in 2011-2020, a cross-sectional study design. Article analysis using RevMan 5.3 software.

Results: There were 12 articles in total. The results showed that perceived benefits were strong (aOR= 1.02; 95% CI= 0.94-1.11; p= 0.590; I2= 73%), perceived barriers were weak (aOR = 1; 95% CI= 0.95-1.05; p= 0.920; I2= 87%).

Conclusion: Perceived benefits and perceived barriers are not statistically significant in predi­c­t­i­ng BSE practice in women.

Keywords: health belief model, perceived be­ne­­­fits, perceived barriers, BSE

Correspondence: Maranata. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebe­las Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: marana­taima­@­gmail­.­com­. Mobile­: 085867548771

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2020), 05(03): 221-231



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How to Cite

Maranata, M., Pamungkasari, E. P., & Adriani, R. B. (2020). Application of Health Belief Model on Breast Self-Examination: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior, 5(3), 221–231. Retrieved from




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