Application of Social Cognitive Theory: Tertiary Prevention Behavior in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Ponorogo Hospital, East Java, Indonesia

Nur Aida Yuliana, Pawito Pawito, Bhisma Murti

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a non-com­municable disease that becomes a serious threat to global health. This disease is a serious chronic disease because it cannot be cured. An increasing number of cases of non-communicable diseases that are associated with risk factors are in line with lifestyle changes that increasingly mo­dern. This study aimed to analyze the effect of the variables in Social Cognitive Theory on ter­tiary prevention behavior in patients with type 2 Dia­betes Mellitus.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sec­tio­nal study design. This study was conducted on pa­tients with type 2 DM in the hospital in Po­no­rogo Regency, East Java, from January to Feb­ruary 2020. There were 200 patients with type 2 DM as the sample of the study. The sample was taken by random sampling. The dependent vari­able was Tertiary prevention behavior of type 2 DM. The independent variables were obser­va­tio­nal learning, role model, vicarious experience, imi­tation, attitude, outcome expectations, know­led­ge, reinforcement, self-efficacy, and self-mana­ge­ment. The data were collected through a set of ques­tionnaires. The data were analyzed based on Path Analysis using stata 13 application.

Results: Tertiary prevention behavior of type 2 DM was directly increased by strong imi­tation (b= 1.40; 95% CI= 0.51 to 2.28; p= 0.002), good knowledge (b= 1.36; 95% CI= 0.48 to 2.25; p= 0.002), positive attitude (b= 1.32; 95% CI­= 0.44 to 2.19; p= 0.003), strong self-efficacy (b= ­1.­07; 95% CI= 0.18 to 1.96; p= 0.018), and good self-management (b= 2.26; 95% CI= 1.31 to 3.22; p <0.001). Ter­tiary prevention behavior of type 2 DM was in­directly affected by observational learning, role model, vicarious experience, outcome expectation, and reinforce­ment.

Conclusion: Tertiary prevention behavior of type 2 DM is directly increased by strong imi­tation, good knowledge, positive attitude, strong self-efficacy, and good self-management. Ter­tiary prevention behavior of type 2 DM is in­directly affected by observational learning, role model, vicarious experience, outcome expectation, and reinforce­ment.

Keywords: social cognitive theory, type 2 Dia­be­tes Mellitus.

Correspondence: Nur Aida Yuliana. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: Aidayuliana17@gmail.com.Mobile: +628-5790767582.

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2020), 5(1): 157-168
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2020.05.03.02

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