Factors Associated with Exercise among Elderly in Boyolali, Indonesia
Background: The elderly will face more problems by getting older. One of which is degenerative disease due to of aging process, such as cardiovascular disease. In the year 2001 (SKRT) data indicated that there were 26.4% elderly suffered from hypertension disease. Exercise for elderly is one of primary preventive actions. Research should be done related to the practice exercise for elderly. This study was aimed to determine the factors of physical exercise for elderly based on health belief model (HBM).
Subjects and Method: This was an analytic qualitative study with cross-sectional design. This conducted in Sobokerto, Ngemplak, Boyolali, Central Java, Indonesia. A total sample of 80 elderly with hypertension and participate in physical exercises. Data analysis used chi square and logistic regression.
Results: The results showed that the perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and cues to action have relationship with physical exercise. There is positive relationship and statically significant between perceived susceptibility with high phycical exercise (OR= 27.01; 95% CI= 2.04 to 357.91; p= 0.012), high perceived benefits (OR= 26.95; 95% CI= 2.20 to 392.05; p= 0.010), high perceived barriers (OR= 0.021; 95% CI= 0.00 to 0.90 p= 0.044), cues to action (OR= 21.37; 95% CI= 1.94 to 259.92; p = 0.044).
Conclusion: The HBM constructs on the physical exercise of elderly who are at risk for hypertension. The most important HBM predictors of physical exercise were perceived susceptibility.
Keywords: physical exercise, elderly, hypertension, health belief model
Correspondence: Aniek Puspitosari. Health Polytechnic, Poltekkes of Surakarta Indonesia.
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2016), 1(1): 41-45
Agustina E (2010). Factors Associated With Elderly Gymnastics Practice in Social Institutions Tresna Veda (PSTW) Budi Mulia 01 Cipayung in East Jakarta. Thesis. Jakarta: UIN.
Hitchcock JE, Schubert PE, Thomas SA (1999). Commuity Health Nursing: Caring in Action. Albani: Delmas Publisher.
Hoseini H, Maleki F, Moeini M, Sharifirad G (2014). Investigating the Effect of An Education Plan Based On the Health Belief Model on the Physical activity of Women Who are at Risk for Hypertension. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research 19 (6): 647-652.
Iranagh J, Motallebi S (2016). The Effect of Health Belief Model Based On Education Intervention On Physical Activity of Elderly Women. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Urnia University of Medical Sciences 13 (12): 1050-1058.
Kamran A, Aharai S, Biria M, Malepour A, Heydari H (2014). Determinants of Patient's adherence to hypertension medications: Application of Health Belief Model Among Rural Patients. Ann Med Health Sci Res 4 (6): 922-927.
Kasser S, Kosma M. (2012). Health Beliefs and Physical Activity Behavior in Adults with Multiple Scleroris. Disability and Health Journal 5 (4): 261-268.
Leight SB (2003). The Application of A Conceptual Model to Vulnerable Populations Rural Health. Public Health Nursing 20 (6): 440-448.
Margiyati (2010). Elderly Gymnastics influence on Blood Pressure Decline in the Elderly Patients with Hypertension in the Elderly IHC Ngud Sane Kemloko Dusun Desa Bergas Kidul, Semarang. Ejournal Undip.
Murti B (2013). Design and Sample Size for Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Health. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press
Pertiwi HW (2013). Factors Associated With Presence Frequency In Posyandu Elderly Seniors. Scientific Journal of Obstetric 4.
Rachma N (2010). Experience Phenomenology Study Seniors Doing Treatment of High Blood Pressure In the village Ngresep Banyumanik District of Semarang, Central Java. Thesis. Jakarta: FK UI.
Sas-Nowosielski K, Grabara M, Andrzej H (2013). Health Belief Model Variables as Predictors of Light, Moderate and Vigorous Physical Activity Among Young Adults. New Educational Review 32 (2): 194.
Stanhope M, Lancaster J (2004). Commuity and Public Health Nursing, 6th ed. USA: Mosby.
Strecher, Rosenstock (1997). The Health Belief Model. In Glanz, Lewis & Rimer (Eds.). Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory and Practice Reseacrch. San Francisco: Josey Bass
Suhadi (2011). Analysis of Factors Affecting Compliance Hypertension Treatment In Elderly In Srondol Regional Health Center, Semarang. Thesis. Jakarta: Indonesia University.
Sumintarsih (2006). Physical Fitness for Seniors. Sports magazine, ed August, 147-150.
World Health Organization (2011). Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health 65 Years and Above. Retrieved December 14, 2014, http://www.who.int/ dietphysicalactivity /pa/en/index.html.